ⅡJapanese Rules and Regulations (rule) article by article commentary

Article 8 (the ground)

Only, on the other hand, it is said with "eyes" at sky point which we surrounded with becoming permanently free from danger stone, and it is said, "it is no use" at sky point except eyes. Becoming permanently free from danger stone having no use is called "cough stone", and eyes of becoming permanently free from danger stone except cough stone are called "the ground". One point of the ground is called "glance".

<commentary>
Eyes of independent becoming permanently free from danger stone are completely the ground ", and basic thought of "the ground" gives life by having no use, and it is" that there are not the eyes in the ground because stone and cough stone that it is are not independent becoming permanently free from danger stones.

One and the ground
Reference figure 12 a - d is eye and is the ground as it is eye in black independent becoming permanently free from danger stone.
(reference figure 12)
(reference figure 12)
It is no use with 2 cough stones
Reference figure 13 a is no use. Black 12 child and white five child are cough stones in being becoming permanently free from danger stone having no use in the ground. As X is eye in cough stone, the ground does not have.
(reference figure 13)
(reference figure 13)
Both kalpa zeki
Because reference figure 14 a, b are not empty points that they surrounded with becoming permanently free from danger stone only for one, it is no use. Black six child and white 12 child are cough stones in being stone having no use.
(we refer to life and death example 25 in detail)
(reference figure 14)
(reference figure 14)
Useless filling for decision of 3 "ground"
As black and white are "becoming permanently free from danger stones" having useless a in figure of reference 15 same state together, it becomes cough stone, and there are not black-and-white eyes in the ground. Start to a is necessary so that black and white make eyes the ground.
(reference figure 15)
(reference figure 15)